A California city could be the first in the nation to require pandemic hazard pay for farmworkers
(CNN) -- A city in California is including farmworkers among those who must receive hazard pay for the risks they are undertaking during the Covid-19 pandemic.
Coachella, a Southern California city known for its popular annual music festival, passed an ordinance on Wednesday that requires retail pharmacies, grocery stores, restaurants and agricultural businesses in the city to provide additional compensation to their workers given the threat they face from the coronavirus.
Under the mandate, affected businesses that employ more than 300 people nationally or more than five people in the city will have to pay their workers an additional $4 an hour for at least 120 days. The regulation would also prevent businesses from retaliating against workers by limiting or reducing their pay.
But the city is unique in extending that requirement to agricultural workers -- and, according to the Los Angeles Times, Coachella Mayor Steven Hernandez has said the ordinance is the first of its kind in the nation.
The Coachella City Council approved the hazard pay measure unanimously.
Covid-19 hit Latino farmworkers hard
The Coachella Valley, a region in Riverside County's Colorado Desert, is home to an estimated 8,000 agricultural workers, a majority of whom are Hispanic or Latino.
Those workers have been some of the hardest hit by the coronavirus crisis. A recent study conducted by the University of California, San Francisco, found that Latino food and agricultural workers experienced a 59% increase in mortality during the pandemic.
"Farmworkers have always been left behind," Councilwoman Megan Beaman-Jacinto, who is also president of the California Institute for Rural Studies, said during the meeting on Wednesday. "Farmworkers have always been squeezed out."
Beaman-Jacinto was among several council members who shared their thoughts on why they feel farmworkers should be included among the essential workers to receive hazard pay, also known as "hero pay."
Others who welcomed the measure included employees of Food 4 Less and Rite Aid, according to the Desert Sun newspaper.
Some groups opposed the measure
Opponents of the measure -- including the California Grocers Association, the California Restaurant Association, the California Retailers Association and several local growers -- argued that businesses were already struggling financially. The increased pay requirements, they said, could potentially force them to increase prices, cut jobs or shutter locations.
"Like all businesses during this pandemic, it's been a huge economic strain keeping things going," Joe Pezzini, president and CEO of Ocean Mist Farms, said during the council meeting. "It's unwise to add another financial burden to already struggling businesses."
Pezzini argued that if the council's intent was to protect farm workers, it should instead make testing and vaccines widely available to them.
The California Grocers Association has sued other cities for instituting mandatory pay hikes for grocery workers, the Los Angeles Times reported.
'Folks do deserve hazard pay'
Mayor Hernandez said that while he supported the measure to give essential workers extra compensation, he was concerned about the unintended consequences it could have on workers and businesses.
"This is an issue that I think we can all agree, that folks do deserve hazard pay," he said at the meeting. "The biggest question is, 'Who's gonna pay?'"
Hernandez suggested that the city step should step in to provide aid in the event that farms or store owners had to close their doors.
"I made the point yesterday that we have to think of unintended consequences and be ready as a council to respond to them," he wrote in a Facebook post on Thursday. "We have to make sure that in the event farms close, hour gets reduced, and/or farmers go broke- we can help."
Still, some council members maintained that the ordinance was intended to benefit the most vulnerable populations.
"The agricultural industry, which of course is going to face a financial impact if this hero pay passes, has always been opposed to any advances in pay or other protections for farm workers," Beaman-Jacinto said. "We can't let that silence the voices and needs of our residents that we heard tonight."
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